中华金配

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上海首家乡村美术馆探寻社会治理新元素
发表时间: 2020-05-18来源: 文汇报

让“美的生活”渗透城乡每个角落、覆盖更多人群,提升城市气质格局、市民生活品质

制图:陈云峰

  ■与都市美术馆大多展示现代化、国际化、抽象化等风格的作品不同,上海首家现代乡村美术馆——可·美术馆在策展选作品方面,更青睐于展示乡间田陌风采。馆方请来一部分艺术家利用当地的文化元素在当地进行创作,甚至创作材料也都是当地的。他们还请来当地居民一起参与作品的创制

  ■在乡村开设美术馆,可以把美育工作延伸到有着原汁原味乡土风貌的乡村生态里。一个地方要有强烈的文化自信和优秀的文化传承,必定要有好的艺术表现形式来承载与渲染。美术馆也是一个良好的文化载体,让乡村历史文脉的传承和传播,通过多元化的艺术进行碰撞,产生发酵

中华金配  DAYADEMEISHUGUAN“ANFANG”ZAIQIANMOTIANYEJIAN?DUI,NIMEIGAOCUO,ZAISHANGHAIQINGPUQULIANTANGZHENYIPIANKAIKUODENONGTIANJIAN,JIUZUOLUOZHEZHEIYANGJIDONGXIAOWU,CHUANTONGJIANGNANSHUIXIANGFENGGE,FENQIANGDAIWA、SUPOCHUNJING,ZHOUWEIZONGHENGHEDAO、NONGTIANQIANMO、GUOYUANNONGSHE、SENLINZHIBEIXIANGBAN。ZHEILIJIUSHIJINDUANSHIJIANYILAIWENYIAIHAOZHEREPENGDEWANGHONG“DAKA”DI,SHANGHAISHOUJIAXIANDAIXIANGCUNMEISHUGUAN——KE·MEISHUGUAN。

中华金配  ZAISHANGHAIZHEIZUOGUOJIHUADADOUSHILI,YISHUYUXIANGCUNSHENQIDIZUHEZAIYIQI。CONGMEISHUGUANCANGUANHOUCHULAI,YOUKEGUANZHONGSHENZHINENGYUSHANGKANGZHECHUTOUCONGNONGTIANZOUHUIJIADECUNMIN,ERDANGDICUNMINZHONGYEYOUBUSHAORENDIYICITAJINYISHUZHANTING。ZHUMINGXIANDAIYISHUPINGLUNJIAHECEZHANRENLIXIAOSHANSHUDUQIANWANGZHEIJIAXIANGCUNMEISHUGUAN,BINGQINZICAODAOCEHUAZHANLAN,JIEYONGTACHONGMANGANQINGDEPINGLUN:“ZHONGGUOMEISHUGUANDOUSHISHEZAIDOUSHIDE,WEIYOUCIGUANSHIXIANGCUNDE。DASHANGHAIDEXIANGCUNA,BUJINYAOJINMEISHUSHI,YESHIZHILITIXIDEXINYAOSU。”YANYUZHONG,TOULUZHEDUISHANGHAIGEJUQIXIANGDESHENGZAN。

  SHANGHAIDAXUESHANGHAIMEISHUXUEYUANFUYUANZHANGJINJIANGBOYERENWEI,YOUZHEYISHUNEIHANDEMEISHUGUANKAIJINXIANGCUN,DAIBIAOZHENONGCUNJICENGJIANSHE、SHEHUIZHILIZHANXINYUNZUOJIZHIDETANSUO,ZHIDEDIANZAN。

  “安放”在田野里的现代美术馆

中华金配  SHANGHAIGANGGANGRUXIA,XINYUJIANGKONGQIXIDIDEGEWAIQINGXIN。5YUE16RI,“LIANTANGTIANYUANYISHUJI”ZAIKE·MEISHUGUANZHONGDEKEYUANQIAORANQIMU,WEIJIANSHE“ZHONGGUOZUIMEIXIANGCUNMEISHUGUAN”YOUTIANSHANGLEYIBI。YUWANGCHANGBUTONGDESHI,MANSHITAOSHUDEKEYUANLIDUOLEHENDUOXINDEYISHUJINGGUAN,YIJIANJIANXINGTAIGEYIDEDIAOSUZUOPINSANLUOZAIGEGEJIAOLUO,YUSHUOGUOXIANGDUI,BEIFANHUACUYONG,JIZHEIYIPIANLVSEZHURUNONGNONGDEYISHUQIXI,YERANGZIJIMOSHANGZIRANDEHUOLI。

  SHIJIANHUISUDAO2018NIAN5YUE,KE·MEISHUGUANKAIGUAN,FENQIANGDAIWAPOSHIWUHUADIRONGRULEXIANGCUNDEYICAOYIMU。GUANGXUANZHIYIXIANG,CHUANGSHITUANDUIJIUHUALEBUSHAOXINSI。MEISHUGUANFUZERENJIESHAOSHUO,MEISHUGUANDEYOUBIANSHILIANTANGGUZHEN,ZUOBIANSHIZHUJIAJIAOGUZHEN。RUGUOZUODEHAODEHUA,CANGUANDERENLIUBUHUISHAO。LINGWAI,ZHEILICHUYUSHUIYUANBAOHUDI,BUYUNXUZAIKAIGONGCHANG,FANERFEICHANGSHIHEKAISHEMEISHUGUAN。

  XIANGCUNMEISHUGUANBINGFEIPINGKONGJIANQI,ERSHIGAIJIANZIDIXIAOGONGYECHANGFANG。JULIANTANGZHENXIANGGUANRENYUANJIESHAO:“ZHEIXIENIAN,QINGPUQU、LIANTANGZHENCHANYEJIEGOUZHUANXINGSHENGJIBUFAJIAKUAI,ZHEILIYOUSHISHUIZIYUANBAOHUQU,YINCI,2016NIANSHI,ZHEILIDEGONGCHANGJIUBUZAIYUNYINGLE。ZHIHOUWOMENYIZHIXIANGLIYONGZHEIXIECHANGFANGYINJINWENLVXIANGMU,ZHENGHAOPENGSHANGYIPIYISHUJIAYOUYIKAISHEYIGE‘TIANYEZHONGDEMEISHUGUAN’,JINGGUOXIESHANGGOUTONG,MEISHUGUANXIANGMUZUIZHONGLUODI。”

  SUIRANLUOHUXIANGCUN,DANMEISHUGUANDEJIANSHEBIAOZHUNYIDIANYEMEIYOUJIANGDI,YINGYUNGUANLIYEWANQUANANZHAOXIANDAIHUAMEISHUGUANDEFANGSHIQUZUO。RUJIN,CONGJINTIANLUGUAIJINMEISHUGUANDENEIYIKE,CANGUANZHEJIUNENGGANSHOUDAOPUMIANERLAIDEYISHUQIXI。

  就地取材,茭白叶也能做创作材料

中华金配  YUDOUSHIMEISHUGUANDADUOZHANSHIXIANDAIHUA、GUOJIHUA、CHOUXIANGHUADENGFENGGEDEZUOPINBUTONG,KE·MEISHUGUANZAICEZHANXUANZUOPINFANGMIAN,GENGQINGLAIYUZHANSHIXIANGJIANTIANMOFENGCAI。MEISHUGUANDEMINGZIJIAO“KE”,CHULEYINWEITOUZIFANGZHIYISHIQINGPUBENDIMEISHUJIAOSHICHUSHENDEHUAJIAWUKEZHIWAI,HAIYINWEI“KE”ZHEIGEZIBAOHANLEFENGFUDELIANXIANGHEGUANGKUODEKENENGXING。

中华金配  JUMEISHUGUANFANGMIANJIESHAO,GUANFANGQINGLAIYIBUFENYISHUJIALIYONGDANGDIDEWENHUAYUANSUZAIDANGDIJINXINGCHUANGZUO,SHENZHICHUANGZUOCAILIAOYEDOUSHIDANGDIDE。TAMENHAIQINGLAIDANGDIJUMINYIQICANYUZUOPINDECHUANGZHI。

  ZAIMEISHUGUANKUANCHANGDEYUANLUO,YIWEIZHENGZAICHUANGZUODEMEIYUANXUESHENGDUIJIZHEBIAOSHI,TADESHEJILINIANJIEHELEHUANBAOHUATI,XIWANGTONGGUOZUOPINHUANXINGRENMENDEHUANBAOYISHI。“WODEZUOPINYONGDEDOUSHIFEIQICAILIAO,SHIZAIZANLIANTANGDIQUSHOUJIDAODE,BAOKUOZHEIXIEJIAOBAIYE”。

中华金配  “ZHEILIBUZHISHIMEISHUGUAN,HAISHIYISHUJIADE‘GENJUDI’,GUANLIMEINIANDOUYAOCEHUAJIGEDAXINGZHANLAN。”FUZEMEISHUGUANYUNZUODEYUXINWENHUAFAZHANYOUXIANGONGSIDONGSHIZHANGTAOCHENBIAOSHI,“WOMENXIWANGTONGGUOJINIANNULI,ZUOHAOYIXIAJIFANGMIANGONGZUO:YISHIZHANLANDEZHUANYEDUGUONEIYILIU,ERSHIGONGYIXINGCHENGDUBUDUANTISHENG,SANSHIZAIFAZHANGUANGDUSHANGZHUIQIUYISHUYUZIRANDERONGHE,SISHIMEILIXIANGCUNCONGMEILIWENHUAZUOQI,ZUIZHONGBAZHEILIDAZAOCHENGWEIJUYOUGUOJIYINGXIANGLIDEZHONGGUOZUIMEIXIANGCUNMEISHUGUAN。”

  美术馆让村子、村民状态发生了变化

中华金配  “XIANGCUNLILAISHIMEIYUDE‘WADI’,HENDUOCUNMINMEIYOUJIHUIJINRUMEISHUGUANJIECHUYISHU,JIANSHEXIANGCUNMEISHUGUANKEYIJIEJUEZHEIGEWENTI。YIZUOMEISHUGUANKEYIRANGYISHUZAIXIANGTUTIANYUANZHONGSHENGGEN,KEYICHENGWEIXIANGCUNMEIYUDE‘XINKETANG’。NAPACUNMINMEITIANLUGUOMEISHUGUANSHIDUOKANJIYAN,ZHEIZHONGCUNMINSHENBIANDE‘JINGSHENDIBIAO’YEHUICHANSHENGQIANYIMOHUADEYINGXIANG。”MEISHUGUANXIANGGUANRENSHISHUO。

中华金配  ZAIKE·MEISHUGUANKAIGUANZHAN“PINGXING·SHANGHAI”JUBANQIJIAN,QINGPUQUJIAOYUBUMEN、JINQIANCUNDENGZUZHIZHONGXIAOXUESHENG、CUNMINJINGUANCANGUAN,TAMENZHONGJUEDADUOSHURENDOUSHIDIYICIZOUJINMEISHUGUAN。LIANTANGZHENXIANGGUANFUZERENBIAOSHI:“LIANTANGWENHUADIYUNSHENHOU,KE·MEISHUGUANSHIWOMENZAITUIJINXIANGCUNZHENXING、TANSUOXIANGCUNSHEHUIZHILIGUOCHENGZHONGDANSHENGDE。NENGRANGCONGLAIMEIYOUJINRUMEISHUGUANDERENZOUJINZHUANYEZHANTING、XINSHANGZHENZHENGDEYISHU,ZHEISHIXIANGCUNMEISHUGUANDEYIYISUOZAI。”

  MEISHUGUANDEKAISHE,YIJINGRANGQISUOZAIDEJINQIANCUN、CUNMINDEZHUANGTAIFASHENGLEBIANHUA。CUNMINMENYIKAISHIBIJIAOHAOQI,HOULAIFAXIANMEISHUGUANMIANFEIKAIFANG,MANMANJIUZOUJINQUKANKAN,BUYIDINGNENGKANDONG,DANQUESHIBEIXIYINLE,YOUDEHAIBAOZHEHAIZIQUKAN。ZICONGYOULEZHEIGEMEISHUGUANZHIHOU,QUCUNWENHUAZHANLILIANSHUFAHEHUIHUADERENYEDUOLEQILAI。

  JINQIANCUNCUNZHISHUWANGPINGBIAOSHI:“KE·MEISHUGUANDELUOHUJIWOMENCUNDAILAILEQUANXINDEYISHUWENHUAQIXI,CUNMINMENLAIDAOMEISHUGUAN,KANDAOZHEIMEHUANJINGYOUMEIDEDIFANG,DOUGANTANYUANLAIWOMENDETIANJIANDITOUYEKEYIZHEIMEPIAOLIANG,ZHEIDAIDONGLEQUANCUNHUANJINGDEDATISHENG。”

  美术馆开进乡村后,更要关注内容建设

中华金配  CHENGSHIMEISHUGUANSHIGUONEIMUQIANDEZHULIUXINGTAI,XIANGCUNMEISHUGUANJIANSHEZEGANGGANGQIBU,BIRUZHEJIANGNINGBODEDUAOMEISHUGUANJIANZAIPIANYUANDEXIAOCUNZHUANG、WUZHENDEMUXINMEISHUGUANJIANZAIGUZHEN。DANXIANGCUNMEISHUGUANZAIGUOWAIYIYOUBIJIAOCHENGSHUDETANSUO,BIRURIBENYOUWEIRAOXIANGCUNHENONGYEZHUTIDE“YUEHOUQIYOU”YISHUJIE,XIANGGENYEJIJULEYIPIXIANGCUNMEISHUGUAN。

  ZAIJINJIANGBOKANLAI,ZAIXIANGCUNKAISHEMEISHUGUAN,KEYIBAMEIYUGONGZUOYANSHENDAOYOUZHEYUANZHIYUANWEIXIANGTUFENGMAODEXIANGCUNSHENGTAILI。SHANGHAIYAOTISHENGZUOWEIGUOJIHUADADOUSHIDEQIZHIGEJU,TIGAOSHIMINSHENGHUOPINZHI,JIUXUYAORANG“MEIDESHENGHUO”SHENTOUJINCHENGXIANGMEIGEJIAOLUO、FUGAIGENGDUORENQUN。

  RUJIN,MEIYUFANGMIANDEGONGZUOSHI、GONGFANGZAICHENGSHIGEGEJIAOLUOSUICHUKEJIAN,DANZAIXIANGCUNHAIBIJIAOKUIFA。JINJIANGBORENWEI,MEISHUGUANSHIYIGEZHONGYAODEMEIYUKETANGZAITI。QINGPUQULIANTANGZHENDEXIANGCUNMEISHUGUANJIANSHESHIYICIHENHAODECHANGSHI,SHIXIANGCUNSHIJIANGUOCHENGZHONGDECHUANGXINZHIJU,YOUZHUYUXIANGCUNKONGJIANMEIQILAI,RANGCUNMINNENGGOUTIYANFUYOUCHUANGYI、YOUWENDUDESHENGHUO,CONGERGENGGUANZHUZISHENSHENGHUOPINZHIDEJIANSHE。

  YIGEDIFANGYAOYOUQIANGLIEDEWENHUAZIXINHEYOUXIUDEWENHUACHUANCHENG,BIDINGYAOYOUHAODEYISHUBIAOXIANXINGSHILAICHENGZAIYUXUANRAN。JINJIANGBOBIAOSHI,MEISHUGUANYESHIYIGELIANGHAODEWENHUAZAITI,RANGXIANGCUNLISHIWENMAIDECHUANCHENGHECHUANBO,TONGGUODUOYUANHUADEYISHUJINXINGPENGZHUANG,CHANSHENGFAJIAO。YIQINGPUQUWEILI,ZHEILISHIZHANGSANJIAOYUMIZHIXIANGDEDIANXINGQUYU,PEIYULEHENDUOWENHUAMINGREN,YEYOUZHEZHONGDUOWENHUAYICHAN。MEISHUGUANDELUOCHENG,DUIDANGDIWENHUASHENGTAIDEWANSHAN、WENHUAZIXINDEQUELI、WENHUACHUANTONGDECHUANBODOUJIANGQIDAOZHONGYAODETUIDONGZUOYONG。

  MEISHUGUANKAIJINCUNLUO,HUIYOURENLAIMA?JINJIANGBOBINGBUDANXINCANGUANLIULIANG——YOULEXINXIHUAJISHU,XIANDAIMEISHUGUAN“JIUXIANGBUPAXIANGZISHEN”,WULUNKAIZAINALI,DOUYOUKENENGCHENGWEIWANGHONG“DAKA”DI。TAYEJIANYI,MEISHUGUANKAIJINXIANGCUNZHISHIDIYIBU,YOULEZHEIGEJUEHAOZAITIZHIHOU,WOMENGENGYAOGUANZHUNEIRONGJIANSHE,BAOKUOYOUZHIDEYISHUZHANLAN、SHEHUIWENHUASHIJIANDEQIAOMIAOZHUANHUANDENG,RANGXIANGCUNCHENGWEISHANGHAIREDIANWENHUA“DAKA”DI,RANGHAODEWENHUASHIJIANRONGRUXIANGCUNDESHENGTAIHUANJING,ZHUJIANBIANCHENGDANGDIDEWENHUAQIZHIHESHENGHUOPINZHI,BUJINCHENGWEIYIZHONGLIUXING,YEJINYIBUCUJINDANGDIWENLVRONGHE、JINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN。(JIZHE BOXIAOBO XUJINGHUI)

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